Is India capable in defending itself by its today’s combat readiness?
The answer is both NO and a YES.
YES, if it is expected that next Indian War will be fought with Pakistan only along the POK and the Indian desert conversationally. But with the growing military relations of China and Pakistan and the rising dominance of China in South East Asia definitely says that whether Indian goes in war with either China or Pakistan, it is highly expected that India will have to fight a two front war both in North western and North eastern parts of the country with joint the forces of China and Pakistan.
Now this situation requires a lot of attention from the policy makers of the India. As it is pretty much clear form the past that, not expecting an attack from China just on the basis of moral righteousness is a lame thought.
But it seems that readiness both in terms of Politcal and military terms, is very much discouraging.
On December 14, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh told Parliament that his government does not share the view that China plans to attack India.
Exactly half a century ago, another Indian prime minister stuck to a similar view, until November 21, 1962. Broadcasting to the nation that day, Nehru lamented that in this hour of peril, our heart goes to the people of Assam! As Jawaharlal Nehru spoke to the nation, the civil administration in Tezpur had begun to burn documents and currency in the government treasury, prison doors were thrown open, and everyone made a beeline to get across the Brahmaputra by whatever means. The stage was being set for surrendering all territory north of the Brahmaputra to the Chinese.1962.
What this has done is that the pivotal position of the Prime Minister's Office and its job of co-ordination and enforcement of the will of the government on the State machinery are severely compromised. In case of vital decisions on security issues, this can lead to disasters.
So it is very much required now to bring in great reforms both in political and strategic scenario to make India fight a two front war effectively.
Some reforms in terms of political lines should be made to strengthen Security of the country.
- Political will is required by the policy makers to allow Indian Special forces to conduct Covert Operations in POK against the ISI and Anti Indian elements operated terrorist training camps.
- The finance ministry should fast track its generally lengthy procedure of sanctioning money to the defence ministry.
- Strong measures should be taken fearlessly against any elements that endanger the national security of the country actively or passively.
- The politicians should give a good moral support to the defense forces, and not humiliate it at any cost.
Some reforms required in the Defence forces:
- The acquisitions of hardware should be fast paced, and talented officers should be posted in this department. Directors should be inducted who have long tenures.
- The Arjun tank program is not equivalent to the Pakistani counterpart Al Khalid even. But of course we have learnt a lot from it. A new MBT program called Arjun x should be initiated keeping in mind network centric warfare, EW, western counterpart comparable fire control, high variety of ammunitions, superior air defense(involving IR), better composite armors, low maintenance requirements (plug-in-know fault systems integrated) and add on Command and control systems (abling to tag targets to individual tanks in a strike formation) in addition to the alrdy acquired qualities in Arjun Mk 1 and Mk 2 variant..
- The Special Forces (PARACOMMANDOs)
· Should be provided extra light high performance body armour, helmets and dust goggles.
· Miniature communication systems integrated with multi channel option should be provided to every operator.
· They should also be well trained in air strike capabilities and should be provided laser designators.
· A Special Forces sniper school should be established to train sharp shooters.
· Ratio of officers in Special Forces should be increased and pay allowances should be higher.
· More mission critical equipments should be inducted like Short barrel grenade launcher, an advanced smg with high rate of fire, stopping power, mobility and low weight, different varieties of grenades, various optic s like high range binoculars thermal sights (for both weapon and stand alone)are to be inducted.
· Each operator should be equipped with a night vision goggles either integrated with weapon or stand alone.
· Variety in weapons of each squad should be maintained including rifles, carbines, SAWs snipers, anti tank weapons, grenade launchers and explosives.
· New options for Standard weapons for desert and tundra conditions should be considered. (H416, FN-scar for desert, AK 94, G36 for tundra)
CQC weapons like Super kriss V, MP7 and P90 s should be considered for 1st PARA.
Rebreathers should also be used. Small drones should be provide for a longer range of field view.
· STRUCTURAL IMPROVEMENTS:
1st PARA: It should function like the delta force, and it should be specialized in anti-hijacking, hostage crises and rescue missions along with sea diving skills.
2nd PARA: A dedicated reconnaissance force with operators trained in language,intelligence gathering and Air controlling tactics.
3rd PARA: specialized in desert warfare and recon.
4th PARA specialized in desert warfare and air raids
5th PARA: specialized in desert warfare and specialized in raids and sabotage.
6th PARA: specialized in air borne ops.
7th PARA: specialized in air borne ops.
9th PARA: specialized in mountain warfare and counter insurgency.
10th PARA: specialized in desert warfare and long range recons.
21st PARA: specialized in jungle warfare
11th PARA: specialized in jungle warfare and counter insurgency ops.
12th PARA: specialized in mountain warfare and recon.
14th PARA: specialized in mountain warfare and sabotage.
15th PARA: specialized in amphibious assault.
- More advanced helicopters of different classes should be adopted for high altitude mobilization like M17V5, CH 23 Chinook etc.
- More ALG (advanced landing grounds) should be made along the indo china border to facilitate fast mobilizations.
- Army air defense inventory should be upgraded extensively by integrating AD systems like S 400 and spyder, along with short range weapons like javelin and Stark. (Care should be taken to include both radar guided and infrared technology, as infrared is going to be the dominating AD system of the future skies.
- All the important proposed roads along the indo china border should be constructed immediately.
- A light weight tank of weight of about 25 ton category, with missile firing capability and multipurpose gun should be inducted into army to fight in the indo china border.
- A modern flexible ICV based on the lines of US Stryker should be made.
- The LCH should be provided with deadlier weapon and targeting systems.
- About 70 Apache AH64 longbow helicopters should be inducted
- About 100 MLBRS (multiple launches…) GPS guided systems are to be inducted.
- A long range, light weight high power .50 cal sniper is required with flexible sub systems to be provide at key posts.
- The induction of 2000 155mm light weight howitzers should be fast tracked.
- All the artillery systems should be GPS supplemented and connected by a network to increase its lethality. Special heavy lift helicopters should be inducted to place the 155mm howitzers at the high terrains in inaccessible war zone..
- Soldiers at the high altitudes should be given special clothing including gloves goggles and shoes.
- The INSAS Rifle should be replaced by a collapsible butt type, pica tinny rail compatible light weight weapon (3 kg loaded). The bunkers should strengthened and mordernized.
- MREs (Meal Ready to Eat) should be made available to soldiers at a greater extent.
1. As India has already developed nuclear powered submarines, such technology should also be integrated to develop nuclear powered Aircraft Carriers, which will tremendously boost Indian Navies capability.
2. Small nuclear powered submarines with the ability to operate in the shallow waters to conduct covert operations should be constructed in small numbers.
3. More amphibious ships are to be inducted to increase our Navies capability.
4. India needs at least three active aircraft carriers to prevail its dominance.
5. Number and variety of helicopters operating should be increased
6. At least 5 Acula class and 8 Arihant class submarines are required.
1. Higher numbers of precision weapons, laser, GPS guided munitions should be used by IAF.
2. Should have greater coordination with the ARMY, in terms of target identification and designation.
3. IAF Garuds should be also used in offensive roles along with the Para commandos as aircontrollers and assaulters instead of using it only as a defensive force.
4. Modern recon UAVs along with real time data sharing systems are to be acquired.
5. A Special Aviation regiment comprising the best helicopter pilots in the IAF should be organized to cater the needs of the Special Forces mission requirements.
6. A central observing Air defense network should be in place to monitor any unprecedented incursion into Indian Airspace.
7. Interception capabilities are to be further developed by drills and war exercises with friendlies.
8. Maintenance crews should be better trained and should be given revised and refined instruction manuals and computer controlled fault finders.
9. A new Drone squadron should be based with association to RAW’s ARC.